12 Modern Philosophers by Christopher Belshaw, Gary Kemp

By Christopher Belshaw, Gary Kemp

That includes essays from major philosophical students, 12 smooth Philosophers explores the works, origins, and affects of twelve of an important overdue twentieth Century philosophers operating within the analytic culture.

* attracts on essays from famous students, together with Thomas Baldwin, Catherine Wilson, Adrian Moore and Lori Gruen
* Locates the authors and their oeuvre in the context of the self-discipline as an entire
* Considers how modern philosophy either attracts from, and contributes to, the wider highbrow and cultural milieu

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He is not dogmatic about this. As we have seen, he concedes that current physics may eventually be rejected. But, pending any such rejection, all he can take this claim to be, granted his naturalism, is a basic truth about reality, neither more nor less. What is Carnap’s attitude to the claim? He takes it to be, on the most natural way of construing it, a decision, or, better, the announcement of a decision, to adopt a particular linguistic framework, neither true nor false. This, certainly, is a point of disagreement.

He is not dogmatic about this. As we have seen, he concedes that current physics may eventually be rejected. But, pending any such rejection, all he can take this claim to be, granted his naturalism, is a basic truth about reality, neither more nor less. What is Carnap’s attitude to the claim? He takes it to be, on the most natural way of construing it, a decision, or, better, the announcement of a decision, to adopt a particular linguistic framework, neither true nor false. This, certainly, is a point of disagreement.

An oddity of Rawls’s writing, however, is that he makes almost no explicit use of the term “state;” this is because he takes it that use of the term brings with it a conception of a state’s sovereignty which has no legitimate application. Justice is not simply the first virtue of political societies, it is also, Rawls says, a moral virtue ( JR 208). What brings morality into the story is the way in which moral considerations determine the fundamental “principles of justice” by reference to which the basic structure of a society is appraised: “[T]he principles of justice may be thought of as arising once the constraints of having a morality are imposed upon rational and mutually self-interested parties who are related and situated in a special way” (JF 63).

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