By Robert J. Alexander
In this quantity, Alexander sketches the heritage of equipped exertions within the nations of Uruguay and Paraguay. He covers such issues because the function of geared up hard work within the economics and politics of those nations and their relatives with the foreign hard work flow. it's in line with wide own contacts of the writer with the exertions hobbies over nearly part a century. it will possibly appear strange at the beginning to have either one of those international locations in a single quantity simply because there doesn't exist wherever else in Latin the US such ancient political disparity among neighboring international locations as that among Uruguay and Paraguay. in spite of the fact that even with the political contrasts, there are particular similarities within the historical past of the hard work pursuits of those republics.
In either Uruguay and Paraguay, the earliest businesses to be based through the employees have been mutual gain societies, instead of alternate unions. yet in either nations, alternate unions which sought to guard their contributors opposed to employers began appearing. by means of the early years of the 20 th century, those unions started to call for that employers negotiate with them, and there have been progressively more moves, trying to make those calls for potent. there have been quickly efforts to collect some of the exchange unions into broader neighborhood, nationwide, and foreign hard work organizations.
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Extra resources for A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay
11. Pintos, op. , page 85. 12. Ibid. 13. , page 86. 14. All foregoing from Ibáñez manuscript, op. cit. 15. Acuña, op. , page 10. 16. , Montevideo, 1944. 17. All foregoing from Ibáñez manuscript, op. cit. ws/blogs/ChrisRedfield 36 A History of Organized Labor in Uruguay and Paraguay 18. El Obrero en Carruajes, periodical of Sociedad Obreros Constructores de Carruajes, Montevideo, May 20, 1911. 19. Pintos, op. , page 102. 20. Interview with Pedro Andrade, onetime member of Federal Council of Federatión Obrera Regional Uruguaya, in Montevideo, October 14, 1946.
Page 314. 138. Pintos, Historia del Uruguay, op. , page 167. 139. Ibáñez’s biography of Frugoni, op. cit. 140. Political Handbook of the World 1935, published for Council of Foreign Relations by Harper and Brothers, New York, 1935. 141. Interview with Delio Troitiño, secretary general of Sindicato de Vendedores de Diarios y Revistas, Socialist, in Montevideo, October 11, 1946. 142. Poblete Troncoso, op. , page 253. 143. , page 252. 144. Interview with Severino Mauro Delgado, secretary of organization of Unión ObreraTextil of UGT, in Montevideo, October 10, 1946.
The latter organization was established in 1920 by Adrián Troitiño. It had a number of strikes, the first in the year of its foundation when it attempted to gain recognition from El Día and José Batlle y Ordóñez, somewhat uncharacteristically, took the lead in the struggle against the union. The second strike had been in 1923 over the issue of giving new vendors one day of rest a week. The third had been for increased pay. The union’s most long, drawn-out walkout was that of 1934. The printing trades workers had struck for a wage increase, and the newsboys’ union (Sindicato de Vendedores de Diarios y Revistas) struck in sympathy.