By Elly van Gelderen
This enormously transparent textual content makes a speciality of inner adjustments within the English language. It outlines the historical past of English from pre-Old English occasions to the current. not just does it current the normal morphological descriptions of many of the levels of the language, it offers many instance sentences, texts, and cartoons which are analyzed for the good thing about the scholar and which make this e-book excellent for sophistication use. a few language-external themes are coated akin to early printing and authorship debates. Tables and figures supplement the cloth coated and workouts overview the details in addition to ask extra, more difficult, questions. solutions to the workouts are supplied, as is a time line directory many of the exterior occasions, and a few information on tips on how to use the OED. Complementary website info is equipped during the e-book, and a better half site accompanies the book.
This booklet has a better half site: www.historyofenglish.net
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Extra resources for A History of the English Language (2006) (John Benjamins)
Word-by-word Ohtere-NOM said-S his lord-DAT Alfred-DAT king-DAT that he all-GEN Norsemen-GEN northmost lived-S. He said-S that he lived-S on that-DAT land-DAT northward along the Westsea. e. Sami). Free translation Ohtere said to his lord, King Alfred, that he of all Norsemen northmost lived. He said that he lived in that land northward along the Westsea (sea to the west of Norway). He said, however, that that land is very far north from there, but that it is all a wasteland except in a few places where Sami live (nomadically) here and there.
In Section 2, we mentioned that the Great Vowel Shift (GVS) is responsible for many of the irregularities in the spelling system. g. 2. 3. English vowels 19 20 A History of the English Language using relatively simple linguistic terminology. When [a] becomes [e], we say that it raises (and fronts), when [e] becomes [i], it raises; the same happens when [o] becomes [u]. Thus, the GVS involves raising the long vowels. The two vowels that are ‘pushed out of the system’ are [u] and [i]. They become diphthongs — [aw] and [aj], respectively.
The former are pronounced with the tongue in the front of the mouth, the latter with the tongue in the back. The third feature, length, can be observed, for instance, when comparing [I] with [i] and [~] with [u]. There is a slight diﬀerence in height and frontness between long and short pairs, which we will not examine. In English, [i, e, aj, aw, o, fj, u] are long vowels and [I, ε, æ, a, %, ә, f, ~] short. Using the features listed above, [e] can be described as a mid, front, long vowel, and [o] as a mid, back long vowel.