A New Dictionary of Eponyms (Oxford Paperback Reference) by Morton S. Freeman

By Morton S. Freeman

Do you approve of censoring the works of significant writers? a few may well contend that to bowdlerize a very good writer's paintings will be to decrease its total caliber. Others, like Thomas Bowdler, whose eraser danced over each Shakespeare play, could argue that every one modest humans may be capable of learn a good paintings with no blushing. For attacking the classics, Mr. Bowdler has been immortalized because the world's best-known, self-appointed literary censor. and due to his efforts the time period bowdlerize has turn into eponymous together with his identify. however, the observe bikini--defined as a two-piece bathing go well with for women--has been a linguistic secret due to the fact that 1947 whilst those fits have been first obvious at the shores of the French Riviera, a yr after the USA all started trying out atom bombs at the Bikini atoll of the Marshall Islands. a few surprised humans stated that the effect of the scanty suit on male seashore loungers was once just like the devastating impression of the atomic bomb. Whoosh! an easier and extra credible proposal is that the bold swimsuits resembled the apparel worn via girls at the Bikini atoll. Created a few century in the past, the time period eponym is itself a coinage from Greek phrases, epi, "on" or "upon," and onama, "a name." yet its broadened which means, as dictionaries set it out, refers to a observe derived from a formal identify. for example, Salisbury steak--a well known diner menu merchandise made out of universal hamburger and dressed up with brown gravy to make it extra appealing--is named for James H. Salisbury, an English health care provider who promoted a vitamin of flooring pork. A Dictionary of Eponyms explores the origins of 1000s of those daily phrases from Argyle socks to zeppelins. Written in an enjoyable and anecdotal kind, and with a foreword through Edwin Newman, the ebook features a short biography of the person whose identify turned linked to an merchandise or proposal in addition to details on how and whilst the identify entered the language.If you have ever questioned simply the place phrases like cardigan sweater, pamphlet, and robotic come from, Morton Freeman does greater than easily outline them--he brings them to existence.

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The dictionary defines bogus as counterfeit or spurious. No matter how you consider it, that which is bogus is a fake. The prestigious Oxford English Dictionary backs an ex-Vermonter's story of a machine that made counterfeit coins that was clubbed a "bogus" in Ohio in 1827; and then connects it with tantrabogus,a Vermont word for bogeyman. Or did it derive from a Scots-gypsy word for counterfeit—boghus? H. L. Mencken surmised that bogus might be of French origin, possibly coining from bagasse or bogue.

Beef Wellington is a particularly favorite preparation. It not only honors the "Iron Duke," Arthur Wellesley, the first Duke of Wellington, but also is a gustatory delight of beef eaters. Added to a choice cut of beef are liver pate, bacon, brandy, and condiments, all baked in a golden crust of puffed pastry. Those beef eaters who prefer a double-thick tender cut of beef tenderloin might choose chateaubriand, generally served with mushrooms and bearnaise sauce. This mouth-watering dish has been attributed to the chef in the household of Vicomte Francois Rene de Chateaubriand (1768-1848), a writer of romantic novels and travel narratives.

The name of the sausage has been corrupted to "baloney," and the name has received other usages. " "Baloney" has become the equivalent of nonsense. " The frankfurter is a sausage originally made in Frankfurt, Germany. " The name giver was T. A. Dorgan, "Tad," the most prominent sports cartoonist of the era. According to H. L. Mencken, the first person to heat the roll, and add mustard and relish, was Harry Stevens, concessionaire at the Polo Grounds, home of the New York Giants. The hot dog has become America's basic food delight at a baseball game.

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