By Christopher Hamlin
A technology of Impurity is the 1st unique background of the mobilization of chemistry (and later bacteriology) to satisfy the general public call for for stable water. It additionally deals a viewpoint on realizing how glossy actual sciences are tapped to make sure public reliable.
A technological know-how of Impurity explores the social framework within which chemists got here to paintings on difficulties of water caliber, the concepts they used to review the surroundings, their conclusions and their function in facing a worried public.
For historians of technological know-how, researchers and planners within the water undefined.
Read or Download A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain PDF
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Extra resources for A Science of Impurity: Water Analysis in Nineteenth Century Britain
Essentially the same problems preoccupied analysts in the second half of the century as chemists and bacteriologists groped to find some constant relation between the measurements they could make and the salubrity of the water they were analysing. Murray's problem is important then because < previous page page_40 next page > < previous page page_41 next page > Page 41 it stuck, unresolved, with mineral water chemistry, and with the potable water chemistry that succeeded it. I dwell on Murray's criticism and the response to it to suggest that it would be very wrong to think of water analysis in the nineteenth century as the rote application of standard methods.
F, p 36; L Playfair in GBH. Report on the Supply of Water to the Metropolis, App III, p 77. 70 A W Hofmann, 'Analysis of the Saline Water of Christian Malford near Chippenham,' Q. J. Chem. Soc. 13 (1860): 80-4; H M Noad, 'Analysis of the Saline Water of Purton near Swindon, North Wilts,' Q. J. Chem. Soc. 14 (1861): 43; Barratt, 'Analysis of the Water of Holywell, North Wales,'* pp 52-4; Northcote, 'On the Water of the River Severn at Worcester,'* p 255; Edward T Bennett, 'Analysis of the Thames water at Greenwich,' Q.
See also Eklund, 'Chemical Analysis,' p 231; J K Crellin, 'The Development of Chemistry in Britain through Pharmacy and Medicine,' pp 234-50. 23 Lucas, Essay, I, p 4; Frederick Slare, An Account of Pyrmont Waters, p 23; Saunders, Treatise, p 8. On medicine see D M Vess, Medical Revolution in France, 1789-1796 (Gainesville: Florida State University Press, 1975), pp 1018; and L M Beier, Sufferers and Healers: the Experience of Illness in Seventeenth Century England (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, 1987), pp 8-32.