By Keith Johnson
Absolutely revised and extended, the 3rd version of Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics continues a stability of accessibility and scholarly rigor to supply scholars with an entire creation to the physics of speech.
Newly up-to-date to mirror the newest advances within the field
incorporates a balanced and student-friendly method of speech, with attractive side-bars on comparable topics
contains prompt readings and routines designed to study and extend upon the cloth in each one bankruptcy, whole with chosen answers
provides a brand new bankruptcy on speech belief that addresses theoretical matters in addition to functional concerns
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Additional info for Acoustic and Auditory Phonetics (3rd Edition)
9 because the “impulseness” of the impulse waveform depends on only one point in time, while the “white noiseness” of the white noise waveform depends on every point in time. Thus, because the Fourier analysis is only approximately valid for a short sample of a waveform, the white noise spectrum is not as completely specified as is the impulse spectrum. 10 Acoustic waveform of a transient sound (an impulse). 10. 4 Acoustic Filters We are all familiar with how filters work. For example, you use a paper filter to keep the coffee grounds out of your coffee, or a tea strainer to keep the tea leaves out of your tea.
33 sec, 33 ms? Draw a sine wave. First, draw a time axis in equal steps of size 45, so that the first label is zero, the next one (to the right) is 45, the next is 90, and so on up to 720. 15 (720° is twice around the circle). 15 Degrees of rotation around a circle. qxd 24 5/19/11 10:22 AM Page 24 Fundamentals 5 6 7 0° to 180°. So the amplitude value at 0° is 0; the amplitude at 45° is the vertical distance from the center line to the edge of the circle at 45°, and so on. If the line descends from the center line (as is the case for 225°), mark the amplitude as a negative value.
Stevens, K. N. (1972) The quantal nature of speech: Evidence from articulatory-acoustic data. In E. E. David, Jr. and P. B. ), Human Communication: A unified view, New York: McGraw-Hill, 51–66. The original publication of Ken Stevens’ quantal theory. Stevens, K. N. (1989) On the quantal nature of speech. Journal of Phonetics, 17, 3–45. A later, updated statement of the quantal theory. qxd 5/19/11 9:39 AM 48 Page 48 Fundamentals Exercises Sufficient jargon Define the following terms: voicing, fundamental frequency of voicing, harmonics, nonlinear, quantal region, resonant frequencies, standing wave, antinode, node, simple harmonic system, wavelength, speed of sound (in cm/s), polarity change, acoustic reflection, formant, F1, F2, F3, Ruben’s tube.