Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections by Kathrin Zickermann

By Kathrin Zickermann

In around the German Sea: Early sleek Scottish Connections with the broader Elbe-Weser area Zickermann analyses the industrial, maritime and army family members among Scotland and the German towns (Hamburg, Bremen) and territories (Bremen and Verden, Holstein, Braunschweig-Lüneburg) positioned along the decrease elements of the rivers Elbe and Weser. in keeping with a wealth of British, German and Scandinavian archival fabric, the examine demonstrates the significance of the zone for Scottish commodity alternate and community construction throughout political borders, while contributing considerably to our realizing of the formation of Scottish groups in another country. It additionally exhibits that Scottish advertisement, political, army and non secular actions in the sector – which featured a Danish-Norwegian and Swedish measurement - have been intertwined and can't be studied in isolation.

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Additional info for Across the German Sea: Early Modern Scottish Connections with the Wider Elbe-Weser Region

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78 Christian IV’s occupation of Stade at the southern banks of the river Elbe and the march of Danish troops into the county of Holstein-Pinneberg in March 1621 (which were assembled to fight against the Imperial forces after the Protestant defeat in the Battle of the White Mountain in November 1620) forced the senate of Hamburg to accept his and the Duke of HolsteinGottorp’s overlordship (Treaty of Steinburg). 79 Despite the legal disadvantages the treaty implied for Hamburg, the accord impacted positively on the city’s trade in that it stopped Danish obstructions on the Elbe.

However, it has to be assumed that a large group among them did not originate in Hamburg. 28 Kellenbenz, Sephardim, 25–36, 41. During the second half of the seventeenth century the Hamburg community dropped in size not least due to protests from parts of Hamburg’s society against the (unofficial) exercise of their religious practices. A special tax introduced in 1697 and several articles curtailing their liberties prompted a great number of Portuguese Jews to leave the city. , 45–54. , 32. , 33–37, 43.

35 StAH, Senat, III-I CL. VI Nr. 2 Vol. 5 Fasc. 1 Inv. 1b, Contract, Hamburg Senate/ Merchant Adventurers, 1618. The contract was closed specifically between English subjects belonging to the company, represented by Richard Gore (Courtmaster), William Bruen (Treasurer), G. Baldwin, Thomas Baylie and Joseph Averie (Secretary) and the city, represented by three senators. A Latin and an English version of the contract are available in TNA, SP103/31, fol. 191–211, 212–215. ; Hitzigrath, Die Handelsbeziehungen, 20.

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