By M. Rafiqul Islam, S.H. Mousavizadegan, S. Mustafiz, Jamal H. Abou?Kassem(auth.)
Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation
upload precision and simplicity to the method of reservoir simulation. until eventually simulation software program and different equipment of reservoir characterization have been built, engineers needed to drill a number of wells to discover how to extract crude oil and normal gasoline. at the present time, in spite of hugely refined reservoir simulations software program on hand, reservoir simulation nonetheless consists of loads of guesswork. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation offers a sophisticated method of petroleum reservoir simulation, taking the guesswork out of the method and depending extra completely on technology and what's recognized concerning the person reservoir.
This cutting-edge ebook in petroleum simulation:
Describes answer ideas that permit a number of strategies to the entire equations, with no linearization.
Solves the main tricky reservoir engineering difficulties resembling viscous fingering.
Highlights the significance of non-linear solvers on determination tree with clinical argument.
Discusses answer schemes when it comes to different disciplines and revolutionizes probability research and determination making.
contains spouse software program with 3D, 3-phase multipurpose simulator code on hand for obtain from www.scrivenerpublishing.com.
through supplying a priceless device to help reservoir simulation predictions with actual technology, this publication is an important reference for engineers, scientists and geologists.
Chapter 1 Reservoir Simulation history (pages 1–30):
Chapter 2 Reservoir Simulator?input/output (pages 31–81):
Chapter three Reservoir Simulators: difficulties, Shortcomings, and a few answer options (pages 83–114):
Chapter four Mathematical formula of Reservoir Simulation difficulties (pages 115–153):
Chapter five The Compositional Simulator utilizing the Engineering method (pages 155–244):
Chapter 6 A entire fabric stability Equation for Oil restoration (pages 245–276):
Chapter 7 Modeling Viscous Fingering in the course of Miscible Displacement in a Reservoir (pages 277–337):
Chapter eight in the direction of Modeling wisdom and Sustainable Petroleum creation (pages 339–419):
Chapter nine ultimate Conclusions (pages 421–422):
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Extra info for Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulations
30 ADVANCED PETROLEUM RESERVOIR SIMULATION The authors also envision that a global optimization package, in its matured form, will initiate the development of solutions to environmental problems, including risk analysis and decision support (Abdeh-Kolahchi et al, 2009; Hossain, 2008; Khan et al, 2009). An exposure assessment of the airborne and waterborne pollutants during C 0 2 and water injection processes respectively can be conducted to study their impact on marine environment and offshore workers (Khan and Islam, 2007).
Fluid movement in a fractured rock depends on discontinuities, at a variety of scales ranging from micro-cracks to faults (in length and width). Fundamentally, describing flow through fractured rock involves describing physical attributes of the fractures: fracture spacing, fracture area, fracture aperture and fracture orientation and whether these parameters allow percolation of fluid through the rock mass. Fracture parameters also influence the anisotropy and heterogeneity of flow through fractured rock.
However, due to strong seepage flow, disintegration of formation occurs and sand is carried towards the well opening. The most common practice to prevent accumulation as followed by the industry is to take filter measures, such as liners and gravel packs. Generally, such measures are very expensive to use and often, due to plugging of the liners, the cost increases to maintain the same level of production. In recent years, there have been studies in various categories of well completion including modeling of coupled fluid flow and mechanical deformation of medium (Vaziri et al, 2002).