By Keith W. Waldron
Biorefineries are a vital expertise in changing biomass into biofuels or different helpful fabrics. Advances in Biorefineries presents a finished evaluation of biorefining processing concepts and applied sciences and the biofuels and different fabrics produced. half one specializes in tools of optimising the biorefining method and assessing its environmental and financial impression. It additionally seems to be at present and constructing applied sciences for generating value-added fabrics. half is going directly to discover those fabrics with a spotlight on biofuels and different worth further items. It considers the houses, barriers and functional purposes of those items and the way they are often used to fulfill the expanding call for for renewable and sustainable fuels in its place to fossil fuels. Read more...
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Extra resources for Advances in biorefineries : biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
3) are: (1) growth of microalgae and optimal growth conditions, (2) harvesting and extraction of triacylglycerol (TAG), and (3) transesteriﬁcation of TAG with methanol to produce FAME. 3 Biodiesel production from algae: process ﬂow diagram. Waste glycerol Recovery as value-added product Advance membrane separation processes for bioreﬁneries 13 photobioreactors, reduction of contamination, and a way to supply nutrients and CO2. , 2010). Currently, organic solvents can be replaced by enzymes to disrupt the cell wall.
In fact, although petroleum-based materials represent the major nonrenewable feedstock for producing fuels, their inadequate reservoirs and the rapid increase in their price have directed the research toward the ‘facility that integrates conversion biomass processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass’ (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2010). First-generation biofuels (such as biogas, biosyngas, biodiesels, and bioalcohols derived from vegetable oil, sugar, and starch) are generally the result of the conversion of lignocellulosic raw materials in ethanol.
Applied Energy 100, 3e9. , 2013. Membrane enrichment of biogas from two-stage pilot plant using agricultural waste as a substrate. Biomass and Bioenergy 58, 219e228. , 2013. Microalgae cultivation for bioenergy production using wastewater from a municipal WWTP as nutritional sources. Bioresource Technology 131, 515e520. , 2008. Introduction to chemicals from biomass. , Deswarte, F. ), Wiley Series in Renewable Resources. John Wiley & Sons. , 2011. Membranes for advanced biofuels production. P. ), Advanced Membrane Science and Technology for Sustainable Energy and Environmental Applications.