By World Bank
Broad-based progress is likely one of the 4 pillars of the Nicaraguan Government's Poverty aid procedure. residing criteria of the agricultural terrible will proceed to rely mostly upon agriculture. This learn takes inventory of significant advancements in Nicaragua's agricultural region and argues that broad-based progress will be promoted by means of strengthening agricultural competitiveness. Export progress is the main, requiring rapid motion inside a coherent procedure. The case of espresso is used to demonstrate the proposed strategy.
The examine additionally identifies productiveness constraints in rural issue markets, suggesting medium- and long term suggestions. The research reports the difficulty of danger administration and concludes with descriptions of a few promising pilot initiatives.
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Extra info for Agriculture in Nicaragua: Promoting Competitiveness and Stimulating Broad-Based Growth
Electricity. Major differences exist between rural and urban areas in access to electricity, as shown in the table below. In Managua, the Pacific and Central regions, the percentage of the population having access to electricity ranges from 56 percent to 68 percent of the total population, while the least developed regions (the Atlantic and the North ones) show much lower levels. These averages have not increased much during the last ten years. As a result, more than half of the country’s population did not have access to electricity as at the end of 1999 (INCAE 2002).
MAGFOR and MIFIC in coordination with EPN should run effective awareness campaigns to stimulate use of domestic port facilities and services among the domestic business community. Third, investments should be made as to complete the road linking the Pan-American Highway to Puerto Cabezas, to repair the road linking Corinto Port to Chinandega, to complete the road linking Muhan to El Rama, and to advance the development and maintenance of the secondary road system, linking villages and farms to primary roads.
Nicaragua is now more integrated into the world economy, so there is less protection for the production of importables (and more incentives to expand exports). Most striking at this juncture is that the current prominent feature of Nicaragua’s agriculture is its tradability vis-à-vis international markets. In spite of the small share of farmland devoted to the production of exportables (just 25 percent of harvested area), overall agricultural trade—the value of imports plus exports—represented 84 percent of agricultural GDP in 1998.