American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of by Lyle Campbell

By Lyle Campbell

Local American languages are spoken from Siberia to Greenland, and from the Arctic to Tierra del Fuego; they comprise the southernmost language of the realm (Yaghan) and a few of the northernmost (Eskimoan). Campbell's venture is to take inventory of what's presently recognized in regards to the historical past ofNative American languages and within the technique study the kingdom of yank Indian old linguistics, and the good fortune and failure of its a number of methodologies. there's remarkably little consensus within the box, mostly as a result 1987 booklet of Language within the Americas by way of Joseph Greenberg. He claimed to track a historic relation among all American Indian languages of North and South the United States, implying that the majority of the Western Hemisphere wassettled by way of a unmarried wave of immigration from Asia. This has brought on extreme controversy and Campbell, as a number one student within the box, intends this quantity to be, partly, a reaction to Greenberg...

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Extra info for American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native America

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Of the Shawanese [Shawnee] on the Ohio, and of the Chippewaus [Ojibwa] at the westward end of Lake Huron, are all radically the same with the Mohegan [Edwards determined that these were related through his own observations of these languages]. The same is said concerning the languages of the Ottowaus [Ottawa], Nanticooks [Nanticoke], Munsees, Menomonees, Messisaugas, Saukies [Sauk], Ottagaumies [Fox], Killistinoes [Cree], Nipegons [Winnebago], Algonkins, Winnebagoes [Winnebago, a Siouan language; Edwards's mistake is explained by the fact that they also spoke Ojibwa as a trading language—see Pickering's note in Edwards 1788:55, 71-3], &c.

Resources must be created to address this truly serious problem. Undocumented, the death of any of these languages represents an irretrievable loss to science and constitutes the loss of a portion of our own humanity. The loss of a language means AMERICAN INDIAN LANGUAGES forfeiture of its contribution to the understanding of human language in general and what this teaches us about human cognition. To take a hypothetical but all too plausible example, suppose that in the current rapid extinction of Brazilian languages (and those in Amazonia generally), all languages which exhibit OSV and OVS basic word order were to disappear before they could be analyzed and described.

The syntax reflects both Russian and Aleut, though Russian features predominate, with considerable variation. (See Golovko 1994, Menovscikov 1968, 1969, He also reported the other Eskimo trade jargon, saying: Among the Mackenzie River Eskimo there is, beside the ships' jargon, a more highly developed one used in dealing with Athabasca Indians around Fort Arctic, Red River, and Fort Macpherson. . ) Chinook Jargon Chinook Jargon is probably the best known of the native pidgins and contact languages spoken in the New World.

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