By Glenn E. Schweitzer and A. Chelsea Sharber, Editors
As a part of a long-standing collaboration on nuclear nonproliferation, the nationwide Academy of Sciences and the Russian Academy of Sciences held a joint workshop in Moscow in 2003 at the medical elements of a world radioactive disposal web site in Russia. The passage of Russian legislation allowing the importation and garage of high-level radioactive fabric (primarily spent nuclear gasoline from reactors) has engendered curiosity from a few overseas governments, together with the united states, in exploring the opportunity of shifting fabric to Russia on a short lived or everlasting foundation. The workshop involved in the environmental facets of the overall position and features of a potential garage website, transportation to and in the website, packing containers for transportation and garage, stock and responsibility, audits and inspections, and dealing with applied sciences.
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Additional info for An International Spent Nuclear Fuel Storage Facility: Exploring a Russian Site As a Prototype
NOTES 1. National Research Council. End Points for Spent Nuclear Fuel and High-Level Radioactive Waste in Russia and the United States. : The National Academies Press, 2003. 2. National Research Council. Rethinking High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: A Position Statement of the Board on Radioactive Waste Management. : National Academy Press, 1990. 3. National Research Council. Rethinking High-Level Radioactive Waste Disposal: A Position Statement of the Board on Radioactive Waste Management.
9 If a suitable fast reactor is constructed among the GEN-IV fleet of future reactors, the large-scale use of ADS technology should not be necessary.
In Russia at present spent nuclear fuel from water-moderated water-cooled power reactors and fast neutron reactors (VVER440, BN-600, and BN-350), the majority of research reactors, and nuclear reactors from atomic-powered ships and submarines is reprocessed. This reprocessing is carried out at the RT-1 plant at the Mayak Production Association. The plant has been operating since 1976 as an experimental production facility. The spent fuel from VVER-1000 reactors is currently shipped to a centralized wet repository at the Mining-Chemical Complex in the city of Krasnoyarsk, and the spent fuel from high-power channel reactors (RBMK) is stored in facilities at each relevant power station.