By Neville G Gregory
Animal welfare matters have gotten more and more popular in animal prodution, for either monetary and ethical purposes. This booklet offers a transparent knowing of the connection among the welfare of significant nutrients animal species and their body structure, and the direct influence this has on meat caliber. This new version specializes in fresh examine and advancements and likewise seems to be into welfare in aquaculture.
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Extra info for Animal Welfare and Meat Science
Animals can be moved quietly, and are less likely to become agitated, if the handler works on the edge of the flight zone. 5 illustrates the collective flight zone of a group of sheep. 4 show the handler positions for inducing animals to move forward in a race. Animals will usually move forward when the handler penetrates the flight zone and walks in the opposite direction of desired animal movement. The animal goes forward when the handler crosses the point of balance at the shoulder. The handler should remain inside the animal’s flight zone when walking in Solving Livestock Handling Problems in Slaughter Plants 49 Fig.
This leads to a condition known as wet carcass syndrome. , 1985). Affected carcasses have poor keeping qualities and an unacceptable sloppy appearance and handling properties. Providing salt blocks in the holding pens makes the condition worse, as they cause further water intake. In tropical countries it is common to see emaciated animals submitted for slaughter when there is a drought. There are nine signs of emaciation in live cattle (Fig. 2): • • • • • • • • • visible ribs; concave longissimus dorsi muscle; thin dewlap; hollowness in gut fill, between the ribs and pelvis; concave rump; protruding pin bones; protruding hip bones; concave plate muscles, between hip bones and tail head; raised tail head.
Broken shoulder blade at stunning in pigs. Joint injuries Joint dislocation Disruption and separation of bones at a joint. Hip dislocation in broiler chickens during catching. Chondral fracture Cartilage fragment shears off the articular surface and floats freely within the joint. Lameness due to osteochondrosis in pigs. Complete separation of a ligament from its point of attachment. Green leg condition in poultry. Ligament injuries Ligament avulsion 34 Chapter 2 is responsible for substantial downgrading of carcasses in the poultry industry.