Apostille au crépuscule by Michel Onfray

By Michel Onfray

"Socrate a raison : mieux vaut subir l'injustice que l. a. commettre... Je n'ai donc pas répondu aux injures ayant accompagné l. a. sortie de mon Crépuscule d'une idole, sous-titré L'affabulation freudienne, un livre acceuilli par los angeles haine d'un petit milieu et l'emballement du public qui a transformé cet ouvrage en succès de librairie. On a fait de ce gros ouvrage à peine feuilleté un "brûlot contre los angeles psychanalyse". Or l. a. psychanalyse freudienne n'est pas toute l. a. psychanalyse, mais sa formule los angeles plus universellement médiatisée...Cette Apostille se suggest d'examiner les stipulations d'une psychanalyse non freudienne avant Freud, pendant lui, après lui. Avec "l'analyse psychologique" de Pierre Janet, un philosophe doublé d'un psychologue clinicien pillé, insulté et sali par Freud ; avec le "freudo-marxisme" de Wilhelm Reich persécuté par les freudiens et les marxistes ; avec l. a. "psychologie concrète" de Georges Politzer, philosophe communiste et résistant fusillé par les nazis ; avec l. a. "psychanalyse existentielle" de Sartre, retrouvons l. a. voie du matérialisme psychique contre l'idéalisme de l'inconscient freudien ; restaurons le réel concret contre le déni freudien de l'histoire ; inscrivons l. a. psychanalyse dans une logique progressiste contre le pessimisme freudien ontologiquement conservateur ; réhabilitons le corps immanent contre l. a. parapsychologie viennoise. Cet sizeable chantier exige un "intellectuel collectif". ce livre pourrait en être le manifeste..."M. O.

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12 The Birth of Tragedy out of the Spirit of Music Foreword to Richard Wagner In order to clear my mind of all the possible concerns, excitements, and misunderstandings which the thoughts assembled in this book will provoke (the peculiar character ofour aesthetic public being what it is), and thus be free to write the introduction in that same mood of contemplative delight which has left its traces on every page of this petrifact of good and uplifting hours, I now imagine the moment when you, my revered friend, will receive this work.

The review of The Birth of Tragedy was Wilamowitz's first publication, but he went on to become by far the most significant German classical philologist of the turn of the century, so his condemnation continued to be extremely influential, and Nietzsche's work was not an object ofserious consideration in academic philological circles in Germany for 40 years or so. The Birth of Tragedy did not succeed in reforming German philology, in changing the way it was done. With Wagnerians Nietzsche had better luck.

The best general introductory book on Nietzsche is M. Tanner, Nietzsche (Oxford University Press, 1994). G. Deleuze, Nietzsche and Philosophy (London, Athlone, 1983) presents an extremely stimulating, if (finally) not fully worked out and not fully convincing general view ofNietzsche and contains a long discussion of The Birth of Tragedy. J. Young, Nietzsche's Philosophy ofArt (Cambridge University Press, 1992) is especially good on the relation of Nietzsche to Schopenhauer and in general on the later development of Nietzsche's views on art.

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