Approaches to the Safety of Future Nuclear Powerplants (IAEA

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Additional resources for Approaches to the Safety of Future Nuclear Powerplants (IAEA TECDOC-905)

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4] UNITED STATES NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION, NRC Review of Elecrtic Power Research Institutes, Advanced Light Water Reactor Utility Requirement Document, NUREG-1242, V. 1, 2, 3 (1992-1994). [5] INSTITUT DE PROTECTION ET DE SURETE NUCLEAIRE (France)/ GESELLSCHAFT FUER ANLAGEN- UNO REAKTORSICHERHEIT (GRS) mbH (Germany), GPR/RSK Proposal for a Common Safety Approach for Future Pressurized Water Reactors (1993). [6] FEDERAL NUCLEAR AND RADIATION SAFETY AUTHORITY OF RUSSIA, Regulation, Nuclear Power Plant Siting, PNAE G-03-33-93, Moscow (1993).

Independent foreign experts (mostly from the IAEA) provide technical assistance. The IAEA document "Safety issues and their ranking of WWER-440, Model 213 NPPs", (WWER-SC-108) is very important from the point of view of safety improvement of WWER NPPs in the near future. Regarding PS A studies, in 1993 Mochovce made efforts to include the level 1-PSA study in the PHARE Programme. This study has to be used as a reference study for the WWER 440/213 type reactor for the purpose of harmonizing a methodology and to reach a high level of art of the PS A studies for this type of NPP.

Thus the safety level of older plants is very close to that of the most recent ones. An important precondition for future plants at the start of the basic design phase of the EPR was the harmonization of safety requirements in those areas where the requirements would drive the design. It was important to achieve harmonization without systematically enveloping existing requirements. This made the early involvement of French and German safety authorities and their advisory bodies and experts necessary; they have published two major documents: "Common safety approach for future, pressurized reactors" and "Recommendations concerning the common French-German safety approach for future PWRs".

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