Archeology of the funeral mound, Ocmulgee National Monument, by Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams

By Charles Fairbanks, Frank M. Setzler, Mark Williams

A Dan Josselyn Memorial Publication

A most suitable mound website bargains a wealth of basic information on mortuary practices within the Mississippian Period.

the most important prehistoric mound web site in Georgia is found in modern day Macon and is named Ocmulgee. It was once first recorded in August 1739 by means of basic James Oglethorpe’s rangers in the course of an day trip to the territory of the decrease Creeks. The botanist William Bartram wrote generally of the ecology of the realm in the course of his stopover at in 1773, however the 1873 quantity via Charles C. Jones, Antiquities of the Southern Indians, quite of the Georgia Tribes, was once the 1st to regard the archaeological importance of the site.

Professional excavations all started at Ocmulgee in 1933 lower than the auspices of the Smithsonian establishment, utilizing Civil Works management hard work. Investigations persisted below a number of sponsorships until eventually December 1936, while the locality used to be officially named a countrywide monument. Excavation of the mounds, village websites, earth resort, and funeral mound printed an profession of the Macon Plateau spanning greater than 7,000 years. The funeral mound used to be stumbled on to include log tombs, bundles of disarticulated bones, flexed burials, and cremations. Grave items integrated uniquely patterned copper solar disks that have been chanced on at just one different web site within the Southeast—the Bessemer web site in Alabama—so the 2 ceremonial facilities have been tested as contemporaries.

In this vintage paintings of archaeological study and research, Charles Fairbanks has not just provided an entire therapy of the cultural improvement and lifeways of the developers of Ocmulgee yet has additionally comparable them successfully to different recognized cultures of the prehistoric Southeast.

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173) and Gatschet (Gatschet, 1884, p. 78) refer to the later Ocmulgee town as having come from the Ocmulgee Old Fields. The only other Creek town placed on the upper Ocmulgee River during this period was Coweta which was located near Indian Springs in present Butts County. The historic occupation must, then, be ascribed to the Hitchiti. Whether the Ocmulgee town split off from the mother Hitchiti town before or after leaving Ocmulgee Old Fields is not clear. The earlier occupation cannot be equated readily with any historic Creek towns, but the legends quoted in Hawkins and Gatschet indicate that the Creeks themselves believed Ocmulgee Old Fields was an old town of the nation.

The remainder (387), were slightly flattened, barrel-shaped, 16 millimeters long,s millimeters thick, and 8 millimeters wide (see plate IS, upper photograph).

94-108). Directly east of the Cornfield Mound the plateau slopes gently down to a small creek or spring run . At the present time this creek has water only in wet periods but it is probable that it had a fairly constant flow under PLATE 8. forest conditions. On the western slope of this creek, 1,000 feet south of the Cornfield Mound is the small Southeast Mound. This was not described by Jones and is quite insignificant. At present it is oval, about 20 feet by 15 feet, domed, and 3 feet high. The whole area lying south of the Central of Georgia Railway cut and north of the Macon, Dublin & Savannah Railroad cut has been treated as a unit.

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