By Raymond Hickey
The current quantity seeks to unite the examine of a variety of students engaged on positive factors of non-standard, vernacular English which convey an areal distribution, i.e. which cluster geographically internationally. the quantity is anxious with dialect enter, thoughts between kinds of English andthe areal diffusion of gains between kinds. those and related matters shape the significant concentration of the amount.
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Additional info for Areal Features of the Anglophone World
Introduction The linguistic situation in Scotland is as complex as anywhere in the anglophone world. Scottish Gaelic was spoken throughout most of Scotland in the medieval period, but by the beginning of the nineteenth century had become restricted to the Highlands and Western Isles (MacAulay 1992). Throughout the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, the geographical and social distribution of Gaelic continued to contract, to the point where it has largely become restricted, amongst native speakers at least, to the Western Isles and isolated pockets in the Highlands.
Iii. Definite Article Reduction (DAR): Again Ellis recognises zones of variability in his areal demarcation of the realisation of the definite article. He marks the southern boundary of the presence of DAR passing to the south of Cheshire, Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire, but to the north of Lincolnshire and Leicestershire. Another line marks the northern limit of the use of standard (as well as vowelless interdental) forms of the article – this runs from the Humber across to Leeds and Lancaster, and another still the northern limit of DAR, just to the south of Tyneside.
Increased mobility has structural and geographical consequences for our own social networks as well as those of the people that we come into contact with as a result of our moves. g. J. Milroy 2002); iii. The mobility-induced expansion of weak ties (and the presence of strong ties across greater distances) tends to lead to a decoupling of our social networks from the immediate locality. Urry (2007: 212) argues that the geographical propinquity of our social network ties is becoming less and less significant, yet such proximity helps to maintain vernacular dialect forms.