Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences by Clara B. Jones

By Clara B. Jones

Quite a few figures, illustrations, and tables; integration of latest literature and ideas into box of primatology; emphasis upon either behavioral and cognitive mechanisms.

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Extra resources for Behavioral Flexibility in Primates: Causes and Consequences (Developments in Primatology: Progress and Prospects)

Sample text

In the absence of social parasitism). Fitness as a “Fixed Budget” of Time and Energy Generating Signatures of Primate Behavior: The Temporal Component Tolkamp et al. , subordinates) might exert a significant degree of control over the timing and duration of these events ( Johnstone and Bshary, 2002; Jones, 1997a, 2002a). Deriving their formulations from aging theory whereby oxidative metabolism is limiting (“metabolic time”), Tolkamp et al. (2002) view behaviors as response sets designed to maximize benefits per unit of “metabolic time” expended.

Chapters 3 and 4 address some of the relatively invariant features of primates that might structure phenogroups such as social parasitism and the capacity for “categorization” as well as other responses likely influenced strongly by morphology, age, gender, and size. The problem of why there are so many kinds of behaviors is a problem of coexistence in time and space of exploitation patterns varying within and between individuals. , 2002) in part may be explained, then, by varying intensities of interindividual competition for limiting resources and resulting pressures to reduce competition by the expression of relatively nonoverlapping patterns of resource exploitation.

Other candidates for the elaboration of behavioral plasticity are species experiencing some combination of these three factors (see Jones, 1997c). flexible dispersers, and, thus, individuals with a greater likelihood of behavioral flexibility. , translocation (“artificial dispersal”); Jones, 1999b] that could mitigate or delay the most deleterious consequences of anthropogenic perturbations. Additional research is needed to investigate possible relationships between local competition and behavioral flexibility, in particular, the need to test alternative hypotheses for the evolution and maintenance of plasticity in primates.

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