By Roseli Pellens, Philippe Grandcolas
This publication is set phylogenetic variety as an method of lessen biodiversity losses during this interval of mass extinction. Chapters within the first part take care of questions corresponding to the best way we worth phylogenetic range between different standards for biodiversity conservation; the alternative of measures; the lack of phylogenetic range with extinction; the significance of organisms which are deeply branched within the tree of lifestyles, and the position of relict species. the second one part consists by means of contributions exploring methodological features, akin to how one can care for abundance, sampling attempt, or conflicting bushes in research of phylogenetic variety. The final part is dedicated to purposes, exhibiting how phylogenetic variety might be built-in in systematic conservation making plans, in part and HEDGE reviews. This broad assurance makes the ebook a reference for lecturers, coverage makers and stakeholders facing biodiversity conservation.
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Additional resources for Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis
Faith et al. (2010) argue that we should recognise phylogenetic diversity as a surrogate for features of value to human well-being: We argue that an evolutionary perspective is essential for developing a better understanding of the links between biodiversity and human well-being. We outline the services provided by evolutionary processes, and propose a new term, ‘evosystem services’, to refer to these many connections to humans. P. et al. 2010, p. 66) (iii) Phylogenetic diversity as a conservation goal The third context in which one might employ phylogenetic diversity is as a goal of conservation.
We have become adept at harnessing a great variety of features of the natural world to an astounding variety of ends. The number of species that pose a serious threat to humanity is a vanishingly small proportion of the total species count. Moreover, a great number of weeds and pests are not harmful in their native habitat, but only become harmful when that habitat is radically disturbed or when they are introduced by humans into other ecosystems (Baker 1974). We therefore think it implausible that conserving unremarkable species will on average produce more harm than benefit.
X Safi K, Cianciaruso MV, Loyola RD et al (2011) Understanding global patterns of mammalian functional and phylogenetic diversity. Philos Trans R Soc B 366(1577):2536–2544. 0024 Sarkar SK (2005) Biodiversity and environmental philosophy: an introduction. Cambridge studies in philosophy and biology. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge Schweiger O, Klotz S, Durka W, Kühn I (2008) A comparative test of phylogenetic diversity indices. Oecologia 257:485–495 Steel M, Mimoto A, Mooers AO (2007) Hedging our bets: the expected contribution of species to future phylogenetic diversity.