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Extra resources for Bitumens, asphalts, and tar sands
Plotting these parameters as an X--Y diagram (Fig. 3-l), provides a visual means of comparison between samples [ 12,171 : any point of the approximately hyperbolic curve, representing a random crude oil or asphalt sample, will move towards the abscissa as a result of bacterial degradation and towards the ordinate by thermal alteration. ) . - --'\. __il ASPHALT ASSOCIATED WITH LEAD. ZINC O R E DEPOSITS (FRANCE) 0 x A A A AOUlTAlNE ASPHALT (HEATING EXPERIMENT) \I Fig. 3-1. Relationship between content of saturates in the chloroform extract and (aromatics)/(saturates) ratio for various natural asphalts.
A. Aquitaine crude oil at 25OOC: solid, heavy line = unheated sample; solid, light line = sample heated for 1 month; dashed (short) line = sample heated for 2 months; dashed (long) line = sample heated for 3 months; dotted line = sample heated for 4 months; and dashed-dotted line = sample heated for 6 months. ' - I '! , /J "J L - 6 months * 6 months Fig. 3-5. Gas chromatograms of the branched-cyclic alkane fraction before and after heating Aquitaine crude oil a t 250' and 300'C. - . ~ b. d (short) line = sample heatrd for 3 months; dashrd (long) line = sample heated for 4 months; dotted line = sample heated for 5 months; and dashed-dotted linc = sample heated for 6 months.
Cosmochim. Acta, 4 1 ( I ) , 33-52 (1977). R. Silverman, “Influence of Petroleum Origin and Transformation o n Its Distribution and Redistribution in Sedimentary Rocks”, Proc. 8 t h World Pet. , 2, 4754 (1971). 16 B. Tissot, B. Durand, J . Espitalie and A. Combaz, “Influence of Nature and Diagenesis of Organic Matter in Formation o f Petroleum”, Bull. Am. Assoc. Pet. , 58 ( 3 ) , 499-506 (1974). B. 1. V. V. Chernyshev, “Principal Phase of Oil Formation”, Vestn, Mosk. , No. , Znt. Geol. , 1 2 ( 1 1 ) , 1276-1296 (1970)).