Brazilian Foreign Policy after the Cold War by Sean William Burges

By Sean William Burges

Given that 1992 - the top of the chilly conflict - Brazil has been slowly and quietly carving a distinct segment for itself within the overseas neighborhood: that of a neighborhood chief in Latin the US. How and why is the topic of Sean Burges' investigations. below President Fernando Henrique Cardoso, Brazil launched into a brand new course vis-a-vis international coverage. Brazilian diplomats got down to lead South the US and the worldwide south with out actively claiming management or incurring the linked bills. They did so as to safeguard Brazil's nationwide autonomy in an ever-changing political weather. Burges makes use of lately declassified records and in-depth interviews with Brazilian leaders to trace the adoption and implementation of Brazil's South American overseas coverage and to give an explanation for the origins of this trajectory. management and wish to lead have, until eventually lately, been a contentious and forcefully disavowed ambition for Brazilian diplomats. Burges dispels this phantasm and offers a framework for realizing the behavior and pursuits of Brazilian international coverage that may be utilized to the broader worldwide area.

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28 The Historical Path of Brazilian Foreign Policy Concomitant with the protectionist policy–induced drop in trade between Argentina and Brazil was a growing move toward fortress-style economic regionalism. Indeed, within the hemisphere the Brian Mulroney government in Canada responded to recession-caused tensions at the beginning of the decade by proposing the creation of the United States–Canada Free Trade Agreement, an exercise in defensive regionalism which found parallels in both Europe and Southeast Asia (Gilpin 1987, chapter 10; Hirst 1992, 147; Vaz 1999, 17–20).

A Policy of Independence By the end of the Castello Branco period an old sentiment had begun to resurface, namely, that the United States had benefited greatly from activities and diplomatic initiatives that had proven costly to Brazil. 3 million in 1970—revived the disenchantment that had led to the política externa independente and significantly weakened enthusiasm for the existing close relationship during the 1967–1969 Costa e Silva presidency (Hurrell 1986, 89–128). S. economic and military aid was becoming increasingly questionable in the late 1960s, particularly as the Brazilian economic miracle picked up speed at the turn of the decade and other global markets and investment sources emerged.

5 billion in development funds, the United States was prepared to commit only $500 million over five years—but for the extent to which it relied on the ability of Latin American countries to adopt a policy vision offered by the Bush administration as a panacea. The history of the Reagan/Bush era in the region was sidestepped (Muñoz 1996, 30), allowing democracy to be strongly advocated and, more significant, paired with a dramatic opening of national economies as the key to economic recovery. In what might almost be seen as an editorial rebuttal of Porter’s text, the next issue of the Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs printed an article by Sidney Weintraub (1991, 11–12) that made pointed use of the conditional tense when discussing what impact the EAI would have on inter- 32 The Historical Path of Brazilian Foreign Policy American relations and Latin American economic recovery.

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