Cell Surface Carbohydrate Chemistry by Robert E. Harmon

By Robert E. Harmon

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The finding that the enzyme responsible for the synthesis of sulfatide is localized in Golgi brings to light a new functional aspect of the Golgi apparatus in mammalian cells. It demonstrates that Golgi can modify glycolipids that are membrane components as well as mucopolysaccharides and glycoproteins destined for secretion. 36 Becca Fleischer TABLE IV Distribution of Glycoprotein Sialyltransferase Activity in Rat Kidney and Liver Subcellular Fractions^ Fraction Homog. Rough micr. Smooth micr.

Santer, U. , and Glick, M. C , manuscript in preparation. , Nature, (1976), 259: 580-582. , Ann. Rev. Biochem. (1976), 45: 217-237. THE ROLE OF THE GOLGI APPARATUS IN THE SYNTHESIS OF GLYCOPROTEINS AND GLYCOLIPIDS BECCA FLEISCHER Department of Molecular Biology Vanderbilt University Nashville, Tennessee Golgi is the main locus in mammalian cells for a number of enzymes involved in glycoprotein and glycolipid synthesis. Galactosyl- and sialyltransferases, which add terminal sugars to glycoproteins, are localized in Golgi in both liver and kidney.

Table II summarizes the exoglycosidases, the sequence used, and the residues of 22 Mary C. Click and Ursula Sanier 120- 100 υ 80 i 60 40 20 20 40 60 80 XX) 120 140 160 Fraction Number FIGURE 6 Chromatography on DEAE cellulose of Pronase digested trypsinates of hamster fibroblasts BHK22/C2J (·) and the transformed counterpart C23/B4 (o) labeled with L-[^H]- or [•^"^C]fucose, respectively. The numbers represent the fractions combined for sequencing (9) (with permission^ Academic Press). monosaccharides released after each treatment of glycopeptide V.

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