Chemical Signals in Vertebrates 13 by Bruce A. Schulte, Thomas E. Goodwin, Michael H. Ferkin

By Bruce A. Schulte, Thomas E. Goodwin, Michael H. Ferkin

In 2014, the Chemical signs in Vertebrates (CSiV) team held its thirteenth triennial assembly along with the thirtieth assembly of the foreign Society of Chemical Ecology (ISCE). The assembly convened at the campus of the college of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. This assembly used to be the 1st held together with those teams, which percentage universal heritage and are devoted to realizing the function of chemical verbal exchange within the lives of organisms. This quantity is a suite of the court cases of this assembly and, just like the assembly, hide quite a few subject matters in chemical ecology, together with Chemical Ecology of Social habit; Chemical signs – research and Synthesis; Evolution, Genomics, and Transcriptomics of Chemical signs; Molecular Mechanisms of Semiochemical notion and Processing; Multimodal verbal exchange; and Neuroethology and Neurophysiology.

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Dixson Ferrari MCO, Wisenden BD, Chivers DP (2010) Chemical ecology of predator–prey interactions in aquatic ecosystems: a review and prospectus. Can J Zool 88:698–724 Fisher R, Bellwood DR, Job SD (2000) Development of swimming abilities in reef fish larvae. Mar Ecol Prog Ser 202:163–173 Gerlach G, Atema J, Kingsford MJ, Black KP, Miller-Sims V (2007) Smelling home can prevent dispersal of reef fish larvae. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 104:858–863 Goatley CHR, Bellwood DR (2010) Biologically mediated sediment fluxes on coral reefs: sediment removal and off-reef transportation by the surgeonfish Ctenochaetus striatus.

2 Odor Perception in Larval and Juvenile Fishes In order to perceive and react to an odor, a fish must first receive it from its external environment via its chemosensory organs. In the majority of teleost fishes, this organ consists of two chambers located above, but isolated from, the mouth. Each chamber consists of an anterior and posterior nostril, allowing for water inflow and outflow respectably, bridged by an interior channel lined with olfactory epithelium-baring lamellae (Cox 2008). Both biomechanical and behavioral mechanisms are then employed to increase the rate of water flow through each chamber, and therefore enhance the potential for odor molecules to come into contact with this epithelium.

Odors play an important role in learning processes, often in conjunction with other sensory stimuli, and can provide detailed and precise information to the fish about its surroundings. The majority of work on predator recognition by juvenile reef fishes has examined their responses to conspecific and con-generic alarm cues, now known to exist in a variety of species (Ferrari et al. 2010). These cues originate within the epidermis where 3 Assessing the Role of Olfactory Cues in the Early Life History… 21 they likely serve a primary role unrelated to signaling, but are released when a fish’s skin is damaged, for instance during a predation event (Chivers et al.

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