By Myriam IllemassA?ne, Jane Perrone, OECD, Federico J. Mompean
In an effort to quantitatively expect the chemical reactions that harmful fabrics may possibly suffer within the setting, it is vital to grasp the relative stabilities of the compounds and complexes which may be came upon lower than sure stipulations. this kind of calculations should be performed utilizing constant chemical thermodynamic facts, similar to these contained during this booklet for inorganic compounds and complexes of nickel. * absolutely exact authoritative severe evaluate of literature.* built-in right into a entire and constant database for waste administration applications.* CD ROM model.
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Extra info for Chemical Thermodynamics of Nickel, Volume 6 (Chemical Thermodynamics)
Standards, Conventions, and Contents of the Tables periments, the formation constants of metal ion complexes are determined by adding a ligand in its protonated form to a metal ion solution. The complex formation reactions thus involve a deprotonation reaction of the ligand. 15) for polynuclear complexes. 15) =*- [M] m [HLf m <- Example: f UOj 1 +HF(aq) ^ UO2 F +H 3UO^' +5H2O(1) ^ + K, = ft = ruo2FfirH+i i^=—^ [U0r][HF(aq)] J F= r(uo2)3(OH);irH'i5 (UO2)3(OH); + 5 H ' / ? 5 3 = ^ ^ [uor] ' Note that an asterisk is only assigned to the formation constant if the protonated ligand that is added is deprotonated during the reaction.
Standards, Conventions, and Contents of the Tables Table II-2: (continued) Symbols and terminology fugacity coefficient:/B/pB /is amount of substance"1' n mole fraction of substance B XB molarity or concentration of a solute substance B (amount of B divided by the volume of the solution) cB, [B] lc) molality of a solute substance B (amount of B divided by the mass of the m% solvent) |d) factor for the conversion of molarity to molality of a solution: WB/CB ... c-z "' 2 2 ' SIT ion interaction coefficient between substance B| and substance B2 stoichiometric coefficient of substance B (negative for reactants, positive for a± y± tj> / E(BJ, B2) vK products) genera] equation for a chemical reaction equilibrium constant (() charge number of an ion B (positive for cations, negative for anions) 0 = XB VBB K ZB charge number of a cell reaction n electromotive force E p H = - l o g > H , /(mol-kg-')] pH electrolytic conductivity K superscript for standard state18' ° (a) ratio of the average mass per formula unit of a substance to -^ of the mass of an atom of nuclide I2C.
4) is accepted, too. Note that, in general, K is used for the consecutive or stepwise formation constant, and /? is used for the cumulative or overall formation constant. In the following outline, charges are only given for actual chemical species, but are omitted for species containing general symbols (M, L). _,L] p. 6) [H+r[L] This notation has been proposed and used by Sillen and Martell [64SIL/MAR], but it has been simplified later by the same authors [71SIL/MAR] from Ki r to Kr. This review retains, for the sake of consistency, cf.