By Koen Vleminckx, Timothy M. Smeeding
This paintings provides a few of the findings of social scientists on baby poverty and the healthiness of youngsters. It contains a description of and a proof for contemporary traits in industrialized nations, the consequences of alterations in labour industry and social defense coverage, and the implications of formative years poverty for kids and society as a complete.
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Extra resources for Child Well-Being, Child Poverty and Child Policy in Modern Nations
The English-speaking countries other than the US, all of which have fairly high poverty rates, provide an interesting illustration of the strength of the correlation between social and market incomes, and the wide variation in the latter. Despite their high poverty rates these countries, as a group, actually have a relatively high level of social transfers going to their most disadvantaged children. Indeed, transfers per child in the lowest quintile group are highest in Canada, and about as large in Australia and the UK as they are in, say, Sweden and Denmark.
The North European and Nordic countries with low levels of relative child poverty have also low levels of poverty measured against the US poverty line. 9% of all children are poor. Italy, Ireland and Spain all have very high levels of child poverty using this measure. In Australia and the UK, more than a fifth of all children have a standard of living that is lower than the US official poverty line. 1 we compare these poverty estimates with the aggregate national incomes of each country (in the relevant years).
Local’ versus ‘national’ concepts One would think about this question of national versus sub-national regions and choice of reference groups as the proper focus for defining poverty differently depending on whether one adopts an absolute or relative approach to defining poverty. With respect to either approach, there are two kinds of possibilities in examining regional variations in poverty. First, there can be variations in poverty rates in different regions even when the standard for defining poverty line is a national one because the measure of resources (eg, income) varies across regions and households.