Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction by Chaofen Sun

By Chaofen Sun

Chinese language is spoken by way of extra humans than the other language on this planet, and has a wealthy social, cultural and ancient history. it is a complete consultant to the linguistic constitution of chinese language, supplying an obtainable creation to every of the most important components. It describes the basics of its writing process, its pronunciation and tonal sound method, its morphology (how phrases are structured), and its syntax (how sentences are shaped) - in addition to its ancient improvement, and the varied ways that it interacts with different languages. surroundings the dialogue of all facets of chinese language firmly in the context of the language in use, chinese language: A Linguistic advent could be of serious profit to newcomers wishing to increase their wisdom and competence within the language, and their lecturers. it is going to even be an invaluable place to begin for college students of linguistics starting paintings at the constitution of this significant international language.

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Additional resources for Chinese: A Linguistic Introduction

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Chen, Matthew Y. 2000. Tone sandhi: Patterns across Chinese dialects. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Duanmu, San. 2000. The phonology of standard Chinese. Oxford: Oxford University Press. note 1. ( ) indicates that the element inside is optional. In other words, the only obligatory element of a Chinese syllable is a vowel. 3 Chinese morphology 1 Morphology is the study of words and word-making. Its goal is to understand the meaning in the relationships between words and the ways in which they are expressed, including how grammatical relationships are marked in different languages.

Essentially any of the Chinese consonants can function as an initial. It might be useful to note that in standard Chinese there are no voiced stop sounds. The romanized letters b, d, g in p¯ıny¯ın spelling indicate unaspirated stops (or no release of the airflow for the stop sounds) closely equivalent to the phonetic values of p, t, k sounds in the English words like span, store, and ski that are phonetically different from the aspirated stops (release of the airflow) in pan, toll, and key. Furthermore, labial sounds b, p, f [p, ph , f] are voiceless consonants produced with the lips blocking the airflow from the lungs partially.

The Kejia dialects are the result of waves of southward migration from Jiangxi into Fujian after the Tang dynasty. Nowadays, Kejia-speaking communities are scattered all over southern China including Guangdong, Fujian, Taiwan, Guangxi and 1 Historical background of the language 33 Guizhou. The dialect spoken in Meixian located in the mountainous eastern Guangdong province is considered to be standard Kejia dialect. There are six tones in this dialect, and it retains the Middle Chinese stop endings.

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