Chapter 1 Chairman's advent (pages 1–3): E. F. Evans
Chapter 2 class of Tinnitus (pages 4–15): Ellis Douek
Chapter three Epidemiology of Tinnitus (pages 16–34):
Chapter four dimension of Tinnitus in people (pages 35–53): J. W. P. Hazell
Chapter five Physiologically lively Cochlear Micromechanics—One resource of Tinnitus (pages 54–81): D. T. Kemp
Chapter 6 Acoustic Correlates of Tonal Tinnitus (pages 82–107): J. P. Wilson and G. J. Sutton
Chapter 7 Animal types of Tinnitus (pages 108–138): E. F. Evans, J. P. Wilson and T. A. Borerwe
Chapter eight Electrophysiological Simulation of Tinnitus (pages 139–150): Charles I. Berlin and Patricia D. Shearer
Chapter nine Ototoxic medicinal drugs and Noise (pages 151–171): R. Don Brown, Joe E. Penny, Charles M. Henley, Keri B. Hodges, Suzyjo A. Kupetz, David W. Glenn and Phillip C. Jobe
Chapter 10 Tinnitus in young children with listening to Loss (pages 172–192): John M. Graham
Chapter eleven character of the Tinnitus sufferer (pages 193–203): Patricia R. House
Chapter 12 Tinnitus: surgery (pages 204–216): John W. condo and Derald E. Brackmann
Chapter thirteen electric Suppression of Tinnitus (pages 217–238): Aran Jean?Marie and Yves Cazals
Chapter 14 Tinnitus protecting: Unresolved difficulties (pages 239–262): Jack A. Vernon and Mary B. Meikle
Chapter 15 medicinal drugs within the remedy of Tinnitus (pages 263–294): R. J. Goodey
Chapter sixteen Chairman's remaining comments (pages 295–299): E. F. Evans
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Additional info for Ciba Foundation Symposium 85 - Tinnitus
At the same time, it remains vital not to neglect the substantial number of patients who do not ‘learn to live with it’ and whose lives are severely disrupted by it. It has been known for more than a century that exposure to noise can lead to tinnitus as well as to deafness. Our results are somewhat contrary to those of Hinchcliffe (1961) because they show that noise exposure is an important factor leading to tinnitus in the population at large. Indeed, preliminary analyses of our admittedly limited data suggest that noise exposure may be more important amongst the overall population in causing tinnitus than in causing hearing handicap.
That these processes are at least partly independent is shown by a further analysis-see Table 5-although some interaction between the two is also probable. 8 The self-reported exposure to noise must obviously depend heavily on an individual’s occupation. In Tier A we asked a global question about main present occupation, but this is not sufficient to allow classification of the subjects according to industrial noise exposure. g. unemployed, housewife, retired. 0%). 9 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF TINNITUS 23 Table 6 shows the relationship between tinnitus and gender.
Goodhill (1952) used taped noises, gathered from a sound-effects laboratory, to make comparisons with tinnitus. In an audiometric study of 200 patients with tinnitus, Reed (1960) used a noise source and ring modulator to provide variable bandwidth noise, in addition to pure tones. He failed to match only seven of the cases; 69% had a loudness measurement of 10 dB sensation level or less; 27% were matched by pure tones. Despite multiple statistical correlations there were no significant findings.