Coherence in Spontaneous Text by Morton Ann Gernsbacher (Ed.), Talmy Givón (Ed.)

By Morton Ann Gernsbacher (Ed.), Talmy Givón (Ed.)

The most topic operating via this quantity is that coherence is a mental phenomenon instead of a estate of the spoken or written textual content, or of the social scenario. Coherence emerges in the course of speech production-and-comprehension, permitting the speech receiver to shape approximately an analogous episodic illustration because the speech manufacturer had in brain. In generating and comprehending a textual content, be it spoken or written, the interlocutors collaborate in the direction of coherence. They negotiate for a standard floor of shared topicality, reference and thematic constitution — therefore towards an identical psychological illustration of the textual content. In dialog, the negotiation occurs among the current individuals. In writing or oral narrative, the negotiation happens within the brain of the textual content manufacturer, among the textual content manufacturer and his/her psychological illustration of the brain of the absent or inactive interlocutor. The cognitive mechanisms that underlie face-to-face verbal exchange therefore proceed to form textual content construction and comprehension in non-interactive contexts. lots of the papers during this quantity have been initially offered on the Symposium on Coherence in Spontaneous textual content, held on the college of Oregon within the spring of 1992.

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In addition to these global effects attributable to the characteristics of the speakers, the nature of the communicative task itself seems a probable source of top-down effects on the way coherence is handled in the dialogues. Again if we consider the definition given in Clark and WilkesGibbs' collaborative theory of reference .... " In the map drawing task there is a fairly clear and high criterion of mutual knowledge: that both subjects know about feature X at a location Y, and the communicative demands of the task make it likely that skilful speakers of any age will attempt to estab­ lish this mutual knowledge as clearly as possible.

H. Clark (1992) "Coordinating beliefs in conversation", Journal of Memory and Language, 31:183-94. The negotiation of coherence in face-to-face interaction: Some examples from the extreme bounds* Jennifer C o a t e s Roehampton Institute, London 1. Introductory It is important to test notions of coherence against the maximally unruly reality of spontaneous conversation, otherwise there is a danger that theory will be generated by the study of those artefacts beloved of linguists, armchair (invented) examples (see Coates, 1990).

Chark (1987) "References in conversation between novices and experts", Journal of Experimental Psychology [General], 116:26-37. Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1983) Mental Models, Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press. Johnson-Laird, P. N. and A. Garnham (1980) "Descriptions and discourse models", Linguistics and Philosophy, 3:371-93. Kamp, H. (1984) "A theory of truth and semantic representation", in J. Groenendijk, T. Jassen and M. Stokol (eds) Truth, interpretation and information, Dordrecht: Holland Foris Publications.

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