By Sanna-Kaisa Tanskanen
This publication techniques unity and coherence from a point of view of interplay and collaboration. After an in depth account of assorted versions of unity and coherence, the e-book means that it truly is fruitful to treat team spirit as contributing to coherence, as a technique utilized by communicators to assist their fellow communicators create coherence from a textual content. in the course of the booklet, the context-sensitive and discourse-specific nature of team spirit is under pressure: cohesive family members are created and interpreted specifically texts specifically contexts.
By investigating using team spirit in 4 sorts of discourse, the examine exhibits that solidarity isn't uniform throughout discourse varieties. The research finds that written discussion (computer-mediated discussions) and spoken monologue (prepared speech) utilize related cohesive recommendations as spoken discussion (conversations): in those contexts the communicators’ interplay with their fellow communicators ends up in an analogous end result. The ebook means that this can be a sign of the communicators’ try and collaborate in the direction of winning conversation.
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Extra info for Collaborating towards Coherence: Lexical Cohesion in English Discourse
Cohesion, coherence, collaboration being relevant and try to interpret their messages accordingly. However, it is not possible to deduce on the basis of this fact that the interpretation of the message is automatically successful, only that communicators accept their fellow communicators’ contributions as relevant. As Linell (1998: 100) notes, “a contribution to dialogue is . . evidence of (some attempt at) understanding”, while “at the same time, it represents a continuation of the social interaction”.
Collocation now covers those instances in which the relationship of the items depends on the association between them. Halliday calls collocation a “co-occurrence tendency”, and states that “collocation is one of the factors on which we build our expectations of what is to come next” (Halliday 1985: 312–313). 7 (37) Chapter 3. Building the method of analysis remarks that collocations are usually closely connected with the particular variety of text in which they occur, so that a word like hunting can be related to, for instance, shooting and fishing in one text, and to souvenir or fortune in another (Halliday 1985: 313).
Everyone attended the funeral. (5) If a river has been dry for a long time, then a river spirit has died. Whenever a spirit dies there is a funeral. The river had been dry for a long time. Everyone attended the funeral. For most Western listeners, with their background knowledge, (4) would probably not be coherent nor understandable, whereas (5) is more likely to be understood. By contrast, speakers of Sissala, a Niger-Congo language of Burkina Faso and Ghana, with their background knowledge, would find (4) (or rather the Sissala version of (4)) perfectly coherent and understandable, whereas (5) would convey excessive information (Blakemore 1992: 36, 173).