By Frank Safford
Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society is a complete historical past of the 3rd such a lot populous kingdom of Latin the US. It bargains the main huge dialogue to be had in English of the total of Colombian history-from pre-Columbian instances to the current. The e-book starts with an in-depth examine the earliest years in Colombia's background, emphasizing the function geography performed in shaping Colombia's economic climate, society, and politics and in encouraging the expansion of distinct local cultures and identities. It features a thorough dialogue of Colombian politics that appears on the ways that historic reminiscence has affected political offerings, relatively within the formation and improvement of the country's conventional political events. The authors discover the criteria that experience contributed to Colombia's fiscal issues, comparable to the hold up in its nationwide monetary integration and its relative ineffectiveness as an exporter. the 3 concluding chapters provide an authoritative and up to date exam of the impression of espresso on Colombia's economic system and society, the social and political results of city development, and the a number of dimensions of the violence that has plagued the rustic due to the fact that 1946. Written in transparent, energetic prose, Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society is key for college students of Latin American heritage and politics, and for an individual drawn to gaining a deeper realizing of the background of this interesting and tumultuous kingdom.
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Additional info for Colombia: Fragmented Land, Divided Society (Latin American Histories)
Emeralds were obtained in trade for salt with the Zaque, who controlled emerald mines at Somondoco. Gold came to the Muiscas from the region of Neiva and other points along the Magdalena River. The Magdalena Valley also provided coca and cotton, the latter also coming from the Guanes, a Chibcha-related people to the north, in what is now the Department of Santander. Slaves were obtained from the eastern plains. Many of those with whom the Muiscas traded were peoples with relatively simple community structures.
Ultimately, the Crown confirmed Santa Marta’s claim to the Muisca kingdom because of Jiménez’s priority of conquest. 34 / COLOMBIA The accident that an expedition from Santa Marta reached the Muisca highlands before those from the Pacific coast or Venezuela gave political confirmation to the tendency, already established by topographical features, for Colombia to be divided east and west along two north-south axes. The high range of the Central Cordillera already had determined, in the preColumbian era, that Colombia would be divided into two distinct eastern and western zones.
The European conquest perpetuated and reinforced these divisions—both during the epoch of conquest itself and over the long run—as Europeans penetrated the area of present-day Colombia from several different directions. Their claims to authority over various parts of the land tended to confirm the fragmentation already induced by the mountainous topography. The first Spanish contacts occurred along the Caribbean coast. An initial voyage of exploration and trade by Alonso de Ojeda to the Guajira (1499) was followed by a second of Juan de la Cosa (1501), which identified the salient features of Colombia’s northern coast, notably the bays of Santa Marta and Cartagena and the mouth of the Magdalena River.