Commonsense Knowledge, Ontology and Ordinary Language by Walid S. Saba

By Walid S. Saba

Over twenty years in the past a “quite revolution” overwhelmingly changed knowledge-based techniques in usual language processing (NLP) by means of quantitative (e.g., statistical, corpus-based, desktop studying) tools. even though it is our company trust that basically quantitative ways can't be the single paradigm for NLP, dissatisfaction with simply engineering methods to the development of enormous wisdom bases for NLP are a little bit justified. during this paper we are hoping to illustrate that either tendencies are in part faulty and that the time has come to counterpoint logical semantics with an ontological constitution that displays our common-sense view of the area and how we discuss in traditional language. during this paper it is going to be verified that assuming such an ontological constitution a few demanding situations within the semantics of ordinary language (e.g., metonymy, intensionality, copredication, nominal compounds, etc.) might be competently and uniformly addressed.

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This is not to belittle the importance of the emblematic function of a language, but rather to emphasize that a revived language may indeed satisfy this emblematic function without approaching a faithful continuation of the now extinct language. An example of this would be Revived Cornish in its relation to the original spoken language, which died out probably in the early nineteenth century. Since language revival depends crucially on documentation, rather than being a potential alternative, I will not consider language revival except briefly in what follows.

Clevedon: Multilingual Matters. Jones, M. C. (1998). Language Obsolescence and Revitalization: Linguistic Change in Two Sociolinguistically Contrasting Welsh Communities. Oxford Studies in Language Contact. Oxford: Oxford University Press. , and Crowley, T. (2002). The Oceanic Languages. Richmond: Curzon. Ross, M. (2001). “Contact induced change in Oceanic languages in north-west Melanesia”, in A. Y. Aikhenvald, and R. M. W. ), Areal Diffusion and Genetic Inheritance: Problems in Comparative Linguistics.

I am also aware that there are other priorities in type of documentation, especially high-quality electronic recording of language use in a broad range of domains, which would have to concentrate more on languages still in vigorous use, such as those the Volkswagen Foundation has had meetings about these past few years in Germany, which have been very fruitful and stimulating. Here I confine myself to the narrower traditional view, which I justify with the following hypothetical claim: that a perfect student could learn from a perfect grammar and set (of some size and variety) of written texts, and a perfect dictionary, from those three books alone, how to speak perfectly an extinct language or language that student had never heard spoken.

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