By M. Lionel Bender
Omotic is the least-known relatives within the Afrasian (=Afroasiatic or "Hamito-Semitic") phylum. No book-length synthesis of the relatives has seemed formerly and it isn't commonly recognized that Omotic is a hugely agglutinative kinfolk with many visible Afrasian features. Omotic is found totally inside southwest and west Ethiopia, on each side of the Omo River, from which it takes its identify. a few nonetheless consder Omotic to not be an self sustaining relations, yet quite West Cushitic. during this monograph, the writer covers all 9 Omotic households in descriptive chapters as follows: 1. Northwest Ometo, 2. Southeast Ometo and C'ara, four. Gimira-Yem (Janjero)-Kefoid, 6. Dizoid, 7. Aroid, eight. Mao. Chs. three and five are analytic chapters overlaying previous chapters and Ch. nine is an total research, precis, and conclusions. All forms having enough documentation (about 30 in quantity) are lined, in addition to notes on others. resources are all on hand released resources which include major linguistic fabric, lots of them vague and hard to procure, plus huge unpublished fieldnotes of the writer and others. All are absolutely referenced. every one descriptive bankruptcy has an creation that includes nomenclature, destinations, demographic estimates, and a list of major assets. There follows a quick phonological caricature divided into consonants, vowels, and suprasegmentals and phonotactics. Morphological different types are then taken up within the order: pronouns, together with independents, possessives, verbal affixes, gender, quantity, and case; demonstratives; interrogatives; nouns, together with species and the types making use of to pronouns; verbal TMA (tense-mode-aspect) procedure; copulas and connecters; nominal and verbal derivations. within the comparative research, the writer surveys grammatical formatives through kin and shows power proto-forms the place attainable. Conclusions contain feedback at the sub-classification of Omotic and the placement of Omotic within the Afrasian phylum.
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Extra resources for Comparative morphology of the Omotic languages
Ha+ge/+ga 'this' and he+ge/+ga 'that'. and two additional forms, 'yonder' hini+ga and referential kase+ge, (not found by L&S). Cerulli (1929: 15) gives what he calls dialectal variants: m. sg. and pl. hage, fem. anni, anno and the other ii 'this/ these', e 'that/ those'. /f. (h)ann+a/+o without glosses. Cerulli lexicon: agii, agan1 'here'. Moreno lexicon: hagan 'here, there'. Dorze. Chart: demons. from my lexicon and place words from Linton. A note in my lexicon from Volker Stitz has s:*o 'that' .
Etu +ita +inu +ide+etu +ide+ita +ide+inu +d+u/o +ana +d+1ta +ana +d+m:> +ana +o+k+o +i+k+ita +i+k+ino +a+be+k+o +i+be+k+ita +i+be+k+ino Allan says that final vowels tend to devoice following consonants in Kullo. Under Azeb's analysis above, Allan's "present" is really a compound pres. cont. Allan (344-5) gives examples of sentences with consecutive verbs which have subordinate verbs ending in +ne, presumably equivalent to the +(i)in of Wel. g. ta gale ba+ne k'uma doysa+ne madi 'I went home, cooked food, and ate'.
M+opo. g. present sg. sg. past +asu. The present form also serves for habitual. ) informs me that in Wei. (and perhaps some other Ometo languages), past cont. cannot be expressed by a finite clause. +iSiin is instead a subordinate clause marker, so that my ta mi+isiin, ne mi+iSiin, etc. ) were eating', etc. My perfect with invariable sg. ', pl. ' remains to be analyzed. O&H (159) have an aux. arg used with prf. of transitive 28 Welaitta TMA System verbs. I agree except for minor details with O&H on neg.