Computers and Translation: A Translator's Guide (Benjamins by Harold Somers

By Harold Somers

Bankruptcy 1; Introduction*; Harold Somers; UMIST, Manchester, England; 1. initial feedback; This e-book is, in most cases, and because the identify indicates, approximately desktops and translators. it isn't, in spite of the fact that, a working laptop or computer technological know-how e-book, nor does it have a lot to claim approximately Translation idea. really it's a e-book for translators and different expert linguists (technical writers, bilingual secretaries, language academics even), which goals at clarifying, explaining and exemplifying the effect that desktops have had and are having on their career. it really is approximately desktop Translation (MT), however it can be approximately Computer-Aided (or -Assisted) Translation (CAT), computer-based assets for translators, the previous, current and way forward for translation and the pc. truly, there's a fit dialogue within the box simply now concerning the appropriateness or differently of phrases just like the ones simply used. the main common time period, "Machine Translation", is felt via many to be deceptive (who calls a working laptop or computer a "machine" those days?) and unhelpful. yet no brilliant substitute has offered itself. phrases like "translation expertise" or "translation software program" are maybe extra worthy in indicating that we're speaking approximately desktops, the latter time period emphasising that we're extra attracted to laptop courses than laptop as such. exchanging the observe "translation" via whatever like "translator's" is helping to take the point of interest clear of translation because the finish product and in the direction of translation as a process1 conducted through a human (the translator) utilizing a number of instruments, between which we're drawn to purely those who have whatever to do with pcs. we are hoping that this e-book will express you ways the pc may help, and in doing so we are hoping to teach additionally what the pc can't do, and thereby reassure you that the pc, faraway from being a danger for your livelihood, can develop into a vital device with the intention to make your activity more straightforward and extra pleasant.

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Segments” are usually understood to correspond to sentences or other more or less easily distinguishable text portions, such as titles. If the translation is straightforward, then so is the alignment. But three factors can make alignment more di¹cult than it at ªrst seems: one is the di¹culty of accurately recognizing where sentences begin and end; the second is the fact that — depending on the language pair — a single sentence in one language may not necessarily correspond to a single sentence in the other language; the third factor is that translators may more or less freely change the relative order of sentences in the translation.

The user may or not be allowed to edit the contents of the dictionary, adding and deleting information including entire entries. Where the online dictionary is also used to provide a draft translation (see below), it is normal to allow the user to add entries. For example, Figure 5 shows the term work station being added to a dictionary entry for work. 19 20 Harold Somers Figure 3. Online version of Langenscheidt’s New College Dictionary (from the T1 Professional system). An important resource for translators is of course technical terminology.

The user must speak more clearly and slowly than may be natural, and you can expect the system to be confused by homophones (words which sound identical) and even similar-sounding words. Most systems work on the basis of “trigrams”, or sequences of three words, and include extensive statistics on the probability of word sequences. For example, if you dictated the sentences in (1) you could expect the system to get the correct homophone rode or rowed, because the disambiguating word bike or boat is within three words.

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