By Michael Aceto, Jeffrey P. Williams
"Contact Englishes of the japanese Caribbean" focuses, through basic linguistic fieldwork, at the underrepresented and overlooked quarter of the Anglophone jap Caribbean. the next islands are incorporated: The Virgin Islands (USA & British), Anguilla, Barbuda, Dominica, St. Lucia, Carriacou, Barbados, Trinidad, and Guyana. as a way to be as inclusive as attainable, the contiguous parts of the Bahamas and the Turks and Caicos islands (often thought of a part of North American Englishes) also are incorporated. Papers during this quantity discover all features of language examine, together with syntax, phonology, ancient linguistics, dialectology, sociolinguistics, ethnography, and function. it's going to be of curiosity not just to creolists but in addition to linguists, anthropologists, sociologists and educators both within the Caribbean itself or those that paintings with schoolchildren of West Indian descent.
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Additional info for Contact Englishes of the Eastern Caribbean (Varieties of English Around the World)
Note the examples below. ” The diŸerence in meaning between dId + unin¶ected V and dId bi˜n + unin¶ected V is not one of time. Both examples may be interpreted as simple past or anterior, depending on context. When bi˜n is inserted in (9), it conveys the idea of movement from one location to another. This suggests that bi˜n may function as a verb of motion. There is evidence to support the idea that bi˜n may function as a verb in Bahamian. Note the following examples. ” It is generally accepted that only lexical items of the same grammatical category may be conjoined within a clause.
Introduction Bahamian is a Caribbean English-lexicon Creole1 spoken in the Bahamas, an archipelago just southeast of Florida and north of the Greater Antilles. In comparison to other Caribbean Creoles such as Jamaican and Guyanese, Bahamian is under-researched. While some comparative research has been done on TMA auxiliaries in Bahamian and other Caribbean creoles, as far as I am aware no existing works focus on the grammatical properties of these elements in Bahamian except for Hackert (2001).
The default number of poles for the CSL is 12, but the number of poles used ranged from 10 to 18, depending on which value provided the most appropriate formant estimates. The fundamental frequency was measured using a Fast Fourier Transform. Seven to ten tokens of each vowel, taken from a conversational interview with a member of the North Carolina Language and Life Project, were measured, and no more than two tokens of any one word were used. Pre-nasal environments were avoided, except where treated separately in order to eliminate extra resonances and anti-formants.