By Harry G. Byars
This bestseller is written for those who aren't corrosion experts, yet who've an curiosity and/or accountability for corrosion keep an eye on in oil and fuel construction operations. The booklet contains eleven chapters that include info on corrosion fundamentals, sorts of corrosion, fabrics choice, protecting coatings, cathodic safety, chemical remedy, regulate of the corrosive setting, corrosion detection, and regulate tracking.
desk of Contents
2. Corrosion fundamentals
three. varieties of Corrosion (Types of Corrosion)
four. fabrics choice - Metals
five. fabrics choice - Nonmetallics
6. protecting Coatings
7. Cathodic security
eight. Chemical remedy
nine. regulate of the Corrosive atmosphere
10. Corrosion Detection and keep an eye on tracking
eleven. Corrosion keep watch over courses and Economics
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Additional info for Corrosion Control in Petroleum Production - TPC Publication 5
The contamination of the water by oxygen in surface equipment will greatly accelerate corrosion and make corrosion control very difficult. The iron sulfide corrosion products also may cause a significant injection well plugging problem. DISSOLVED ORGANIC ACIDS In addition to acidity produced by CO2, low molecular-weight organic acids (such as acetic acid) contribute to corrosion. Sometimes these acids play a major role in determining the corrosion rate in a specific system, although they are seldom the primary cause of corrosion.
02 MPa) statistically indicates COPcorrosion will not be a problem, and the gas may be considered non-corrosive-corrosion may cause problems, but COz will not be the primary cause. The COP partial pressure rule of thumb does not predict corrosion rate, rather it indicates the need for corrosion control. Much work has been done (and continues) to develop computer models that will predict corrosion Several currently are being used by various companies in the industry. Since this is a developing technology, if more detailed estimates than the rule of thumb are required, the latest literature should be consulted.
Note that this photograph is susceptible to an optical illusion and the pits may appear as raised bumps rather than pits. PllTlNG AND METALS Carbon and Low-Alloy Steel. Pitting of carbon steel is of particular importance to oil production because the majority of oil production equipment is made of carbon and low-alloy steels. Pitting is a problem on sucker rods, tubing and casing, and drill pipe, as well as on other downhole and surface equipment. A common cause of pitting in carbon steel is the formation of local cells due to the partial breakdown or destruction of protective scales.