Corrosion in the Nuclear Industry by Prepared by the Working Party on Nuclear Corrosion

By Prepared by the Working Party on Nuclear Corrosion

This quantity makes a speciality of 9 issues of relevance to the nuclear strength undefined. Chapters disguise: pressurised water reactors, boiling water reactors, gas parts, complicated fuel reactors, extreme temperature reactors, liquid steel speedy breeders, fusion reactors, reprocessing and waste administration.
• entrance subject
• desk of Contents
• eu Federation of Corrosion - sequence advent
• advent
1. Corrosion in Pressurized Water Reactors
2. Corrosion difficulties in Boiling Water Reactors and their treatments
three. Zircaloy gasoline Cladding Corrosion Behaviour lower than gentle Water Reactor Operation and twist of fate stipulations
four. The Oxidation of dependent Stainless Steels and gas Cladding within the complex Gas-Cooled Reactors
five. Corrosion Behaviour of steel fabrics within the Cooling gasoline of hot temperature Reactors
6. Corrosion in speedy Breeder Reactors
7. Corrosion difficulties in Nuclear Fusion Reactors
eight. Corrosion Resistance of metal fabrics to be used in Nuclear gas Reprocessing
nine. Corrosion elements of boxes for High-Level Waste Disposal

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This behaviour is found f o r a l l the candidate alloys i n the temperature range up to 900 OC. A t temperatures above around 920 OC (depending on alloy composition), however, P& exceeds the carbon monoxide pressure i n the test gas s h i f t i n g the atmosphere t o area I1 of the s t a b i l i t y diagram resulting i n a very rapid decarburization / 2 , 3 , 4/ w i t h deleterious consequences f o r creep strength /5/ a s i l l u s t r a t e d by F i g u r e 4 . I n the helium composition w i t h the very low water p a r t i a l pressure the low steady state oxygen p a r t i a l pressure causes the carbide t o be the stable phase instead of the oxide.

1): . a c i d d i s s o l v e r ( U + P u , 3 - 13 N HN03) . a c i d r e c o v e r y e v a p o r a t o r s ( 8 - 1 3 N HNO;,) . i n t e r c y c l e U + Pu e v a p o r a t o r [ 2 - 3 N . Hf iNnOa ~l ) p, ul u, t o n i u(mV In) ]i t r a t e c o n c e n t r a t o r PU [ 5 N HNO, + Pu-Pu (VI)] . ot ox a1l 4i c N m) o t h e r . l i q u o r evaporator (HN03 surface contamination formation stages. up v i t r i f i c a t i o n o f f g a s t r e a t m e n t ( 6 N HN03 F e (111) + C r ) + I n c o m p a r i s o n w i t h Magnox f u e l s , t h e reproc e s s i n g o f PWRl BWR a n d i n p a r t i c u l a r f a s t breeder f u e l s w i t h much h i g h e r b u r n - u p s , y i e l d s l a r g e amounts of dissolution fines made up o f p l a t i n o i d s such a s platinum, r u t h e n i u m and r h o d i u m : t h e s e e l e m e n t s may enhance s t a i n l e s s steel c o r r o s i o n p o s s i b l y i n t h e t r a n s p a s s i v e s t a t e by l o c a l g a l v a n i c c o u p l i n g i n c o n c e n t r a t e d n i t r i c a c i d on h o t s p o t areas.

Nickel: Proc. I n t . Conf. on Creep, April 14-17, Tokyo 1986, p. Quadakkers: Materials Science and Engineering 87 (1987) 107 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The investigations presented have been carried out f o r the German HTGR project PNP i n cooperation w i t h the i n d u s t r i a l project partners and subcontractors under the sponsorship of the Minister fiir Wirtschaft, Mittelstand und Verkehr des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen and the Bundesminister fiir Forschung und Technologic. 4 N \ W L1 '\ 95OoC '\.

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