Crude Interventions : the United States, oil and the new by Garry Leech

By Garry Leech

First and foremost of the twenty first century, a brand new international illness is rising within which battles over assets are enjoying an more and more favourite position. the significance of oil to this photo is underscored via the unilateral and militaristic international coverage of the world's greatest energy in its try and safe entry to this severe source. during this worldwide context, oil-rich groups of the South are being drawn into struggles to guard their sovereignty, cultural integrity, human rights and threatened ecosystems.

Crude Interventions examines the army and monetary rules of the Bush management in oil-rich areas of the area. extra accurately, it examines the socio-economic and human rights outcomes of those regulations, in addition to these of contemporary US administrations and multinational strength businesses, for the peoples of oil generating international locations within the international South. With in basic terms 4 percentage of the world's inhabitants, the us consumes 25 in keeping with cent of worldwide power construction. This thirst for power has performed an important function in identifying US overseas coverage in fresh a long time. the need to safe entry to trustworthy offers of oil has performed an excellent extra renowned function in making a choice on the overseas coverage of the govt of George W. Bush than earlier administrations.

By concentrating on the USA position in Iraq, significant Asia, West Africa, Colombia and Venezuela, Crude Interventions makes obtrusive the connections among US power pursuits, the conflict on terror, globalization, human rights abuses and different social injustices continued by means of these peoples of the South cursed with an abundance of the world's such a lot wanted source.

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69 39 Iraq than twenty-two of the more than one thousand insurgents were One Following the assault, US forces refused to allow aid workers to enter Fallujah for several days, thereby limiting information about the number of civilian casualties caused by a week of relentless US bombing. Seven months earlier, in April 2004, US aircraft had also carried out an intensive bombing campaign against Fallujah, but ended their assault before capturing the city following reports by the Arab television network al-Jazeera that hundreds of civilians, including women and children, were being killed in the US offensive.

Under neo-liberal restructuring similar to that implemented in other oil-producing nations of the South, foreign oil companies could enter into production agreements under terms so favourable that privatization would not be necessary to ensure huge profits. 84 In December 2004, the US-appointed Iraqi Governing Council revealed Iraq’s new oil strategy. 85 While the government did not announce the terms for the proposed oil concessions, the new strategy marked the first time since Iraq had nationalized its oil industry in 1972 that foreign companies would be able to access the country’s vast reserves.

The Bush administration had launched an expansive preinvasion propaganda campaign to justify military intervention in Iraq. The invasion took place at a time when UN weapons inspections were on the verge of determining that Hussein had no weapons of mass destruction. Such a realization would, in all likelihood, have led to a lifting of UN sanctions and the opening of the world’s second-largest oil reserves to Russian, Chinese and French oil companies with US firms sitting on the sidelines. Such a scenario was not acceptable to the Bush administration, which was actively seeking to secure new sources of oil to supply increasing US energy needs.

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