By Paul O'Connor, Toru Takatsuka, Geoffrey L. Woolery
content material: Philosophical evaluation of trying out / Paul O'Connor, Geoffrey L. Woolery, and Toru Takatsuka --
merits, percentages, and obstacles of small-scale checking out of catalysts for fixed-bed procedures / S.T. Sie --
comparing pore constitution and morphology of hydrocarbon-conversion catalysts / R. Mann, ok. Khalaf, and A. Al-Lamy --
Deactivation of zeolite catalysts by way of coke / T. Masuda and okay. Hashimoto --
Modes of coking and deactivation of acid zeolite catalysts / M. Guisnet, P. Magnoux, and okay. Moljord --
Catalyst coking, activation, and deactivation / P.A. Sermon, M.S.W. Vong, and M. Matheson --
NMR recommendations for learning the coking of zeolite-based catalysts / J.L. Bonardet, M.C. Barrage, and J. Fraissard --
Characterization of fluid catalytic cracking catalyst coke by means of ¹³C NMR and mass spectrometry / B.J. McGhee, J.M. Andresen, C.E. Snape, R. Hughes, C.L. Koon, and G. Hutchings --
Catalyst decay as an aspect response of the chain methods of catalytic cracking / B.W. Wojciechowski and N.M. Rice --
Catalyst deactivation in fluid catalytic cracking : a overview of mechanisms and trying out equipment / Paul O'Connor, E. Brevoord, A.C. Pouwels, and H.N.J. Wijngaards --
Sodium deactivation of fluid catalytic cracking catalyst / Xinjin Zhao and Wu-Cheng Cheng --
Contaminant-metal deactivation and metal-dehydrogenation results in the course of cyclic propylene steaming of fluid catalytic cracking catalysts / Lori T. Boock, Thomas F. Petti, and John A. Rudesill --
Catalyst deactivation in adiabatic prereforming : experimental tools and versions for prediction of functionality / Thomas S. Christensen and Jens Rostrup-Nielsen --
Mechanism of deactivation in reforming catalysts at commence of run / Yaofang Liu, Guoqing Pan, and Jiujin Yang --
Catalyst deactivation in advertisement residue hydrodesulfurization / Hiroki Koyama, Eiichi Nagai, and Hideaki Kumagai --
Deactivation of sunshine naphtha aromatization catalyst / S. Fukase, N. Igarashi, okay. Aimoto, and okay. Kato --
impact of procedure stipulations and catalyst homes on catalyst deactivation in residue hydroprocessing / M. Absi-Halabi and A. Stanislaus --
Catalyst deactivation in hydrodemetallization / J.P. Janssens, A.D. van Langeveld, S.T. Sie, and J.A. Moulijn --
task and coking price of catalysts deactivated through fast-coking species further to the feed / Dady B. Dadyburjor, Zhenyu Liu, Shigeki Matoba, Shinichi Osanai, and Tetsuya Shirooka --
Pilot reactor trying out of the influence of naphtha boiling aspect in catalytic reforming / ok. Moljord, ok. Grande, I. Tanem, and A. Holmen --
Vanadium mobility in fluid catalytic cracking / Richard F. Wormsbecher, Wu-Cheng Cheng, Gwan Kim, and Robert H. Harding --
enhanced tools for checking out and assessing deactivation from vanadium interplay with fluid catalytic cracking catalyst / Bruce Lerner and Michel Deeba --
Riser simulator: checking out of adsorption results / Jacek Pruski, Ahmet Pekediz, and Hugo de Lasa --
improvement of a bench-scale fluid catalytic cracking microriser / M.P. Helmsing, M. Makkee, and J.A. Moulijn --
review of coke selectivity of fluid catalytic cracking catalysts / E. Brevoord, A.C. Pouwels, F.P.P. Olthof, H.N.J. Wijngaards, and Paul O'Connor --
Correlation of catalyst functionality among laboratory exams and advertisement devices for hydrotreating residual oil / Yoshimitsu Miyauchi, Takeshi Hashiguchi, Naoto Kimbara, and Katsuhisa Fujita --
existence trying out of sunshine hydrocarbon aromatization catalysts / okay. Hirabayashi, F. Igarashi, and T. Kondou --
functionality trying out of hydroconversion catalysts / W.H.J. Stork --
improvement of a try strategy to guage fluid catalytic cracking catalyst regenerability / V.L.N. Murthy, S. Debnath, M. Rama Rao, S.K. Ray, A.K. Das, and S. Ghosh --
A catalyst deactivation version for residual oil hydrodesulfurization and alertness to deep hydrodesulfurization of diesel gas / Toru Takatsuka, Yukitaka Wada, and Shin-ichi Inoue --
Modeling catalytic deactivation of benzene hydrogenation / Paul F. Meier and Marvin M. Johnson.
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Extra info for Deactivation and Testing of Hydrocarbon-Processing Catalysts
C 6par. 0ther conditions as given in Table VI. 2. SIE Small-Scale Testing of Catalysts for FixEd-Bed Processes 33 Table VIII. 6 L D=B em L = 1 . 4 0. 8 1 / WHSV __.. F i g . 1 8 . Comparison o f a commercial reactor with pilot reactors o f different lengths in gasoil hydrodesulfurization. (Sr and SP are the sulfur contents of feed and product, respectively. k is the second-order rate constant). 34 DEACTIVATION AND TESTING OF HYDROCARBON-PROCESSING CATALYSTS which a close agreement is demonstrated between results obtained in a pilot plant of similar dimensions, and another industrial plant.
Acta 1967, 38, 3. 7. T. Rev. Inst. Fran�. Petrole 1 99 1 , 46 (4), 50 1 . 8 . De Bruijn, H. Proc. 6th Int. Symposium on Catalysis 1976, 95 1 . 9 . Van K1inken, J . H. Chern. Eng. Sci. 1980, 35, 59. 1 0. M. Proc. 4th Symposium Chern. Reaction Eng. 1 976, 3 72. 1 1 . J. Appl. Catal. 1988, 43, 253. 12. M. Catal. Today 1991, 11, 1 03 . 1 3 . V. Chern. Eng. Progress 1989, 85 (7), 54. 1 4. ,. Proc. 5th World Petroleum Congress 1 959, Sect. Ill, 233. Chapter 3 Evaluating Pore Structure and Morphology of Hydrocarbon-Conversion Catalysts R.
L\ (ad, app) = deviation from true adiabacicity, deduced from axial heat conduction rate through the wall, as a percentage of total heat generation rate. For a true adiabatic reactor L\ (ad) and L\ (ad, app) are zero. 6 Reaction : k0 = 2 . 1 0 1 h- 1 , WHSV = 2, E/R = 1 7,500 K, Adiab. temp. K). 03 m. 30 DEACTIVATION AND TESTING OF HYDROCARBON-PROCESSING CATALYSTS reactor ends, the catalyst containing, adiabatic part of the reactor is preceded and followed by an isothermal part filled with inert material.