By T. Jakimow
The methods we comprehend strategies of agrarian switch are urgent concerns for coverage makers and improvement practitioners. studying adjustments in agrarian societies in India and Indonesia, the writer unearths how variations to self are severe elements shaping swap, in addition to under-recognized effects of improvement initiatives.
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Additional info for Decentring Development: Understanding Change in Agrarian Societies
Foucault 1991: 100) Paths of actions/programmes are based on particular understandings of problems and the solutions through which these should be addressed (Rose and Miller 2010). These rationalities manifest in interventionist practices, the 24 Rethinking Social Change through the Development Actor ‘speciﬁc programmes and techniques in which both individuals and groups are governed’ (McKee 2009: 466). The bodies of populations are disciplined and regulated to achieve objectives, entailing a form of biopolitics (Procacci 2001).
His approach is inﬂuenced by practice theory (Ortner 1984),2 whose central tenets are (a) individuals become social beings within a historical and cultural context; (b) society constrains and makes possible action; and (c) society is reproduced and transformed through human action (Ortner 1984). The actor at the heart of Long’s approach is therefore a cultural being, one whose conceptual tools and dispositions are shaped through cultural processes and an intersubjective reality. People have knowledge about the society in which they live, but it is tempered by a discursive and practical consciousness: the unacknowledged conditions that frame people’s actions (Giddens 1979: 73).
The discursive ﬁeld is at any given time the result of a particular historical formation. As such, it is a possible site for change, as people attempt to disrupt, displace or rearticulate the terms that position individuals (Hall 2000: 112). Hall demonstrates such a rearticulation through a history of the term ‘black’, which historically was associated with ‘the dispossessed, the unenlightened, the uncivilised, the uncultivated’ (112). Through mobilisation and collective struggles the same term became associated with the ‘struggling black masses’ (112), constituting new subjects from the same individuals.